Defects are always possible and can occur even with mature products and processes. If complaints arise due to production errors, companies rely on what is known as complaints management. Read here what it is all about and why it is crucial for quality improvement:

Complaints Management – a Definition

The term complaints management describes the planning, implementation and monitoring of all the steps a company takes when someone complains about something. In this context, complaints management focuses on products in which defects have occurred in the course of industrial series production.

Tasks & Goals of Complaints Management

The overriding goal of complaints management is to bring about improvements by finding the cause of the defect. First, the cause of the defect must be determined: What happened in the first place? How could the error have occurred? Once this is known, consequences can be derived: what must be done to avoid the error in the future and prevent damage?

This process also leads to reducing the impact of customer dissatisfaction and restoring customer satisfaction. A working tool often used in modern industry for complaints management is the 8D report, which maps both the search for the cause of the error and the question of its consequences.

Differences in Complaints Management

Complaints management often refers not only to defective products, but also to complaints in the service industry. In addition to the term complaints management, it is therefore often also called feedback management. Complaints management can refer to all measures that a company takes in connection with customer complaints. In a company, complaints management is therefore part of customer relationship management, or CRM for short.

Types of Complaints

Depending on the industry, context and business field, a wide variety of types of complaints can occur. Three widely used types are as follows:

  • Customer complaints: Customers complain about a product that does not meet their expectations. The complaint may be about quality defects, delivery delays, functional problems or other dissatisfaction.
  • Supplier complaint: The purchasing or quality assurance department of a company complains about defects to a supplier. This can be the case if delivered goods or services have quality defects, delivery times are not met or other deviations occur.
  • Internal complaint: Within a company, quality problems, errors or irregularities in the production process or other internal procedures are reported. This type of complaint can be triggered, for example, by employees in production or in quality control.

Complaints as an Opportunity

A complaint can be seen as an opportunity to improve the quality of a company's own products or processes on the basis of the errors that have occurred. By identifying the causes of errors and exploring ways to prevent them, complaints can be of decisive benefit for quality improvement and the reduction of repeat errors.

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Software-supported Complaints Management

With the support of the right software, complaints management can be implemented efficiently. With BabtecQ QM software, you can process your complaints reliably in configurable workflows. Thanks to the classifications in error catalogs, you can also conduct a targeted root cause analysis.

To the module "Complaints Management"


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