The Design FMEA (design failure mode and effects analysis) is a subsection of the FMEA. It investigates a specific product. It is implemented within the context of development, construction and planning for new products and is therefore often carried out during the early product planning phase. The objective of the D-FMEA is to develop actions that contribute to reliability, safety and availability.
An interdisciplinary team including participants from all departments involved carries out the FMEA.
A Design FMEA ensures that all failures that could potentially occur are found, evaluated and then prevented before they occur. Focal points of the analysis are: Reliability, functionality, geometry, material selection, manufacturability, testability and service friendliness.
First, the entire system is observed and investigated. Then, the individual subsystems are considered one by one. In the next step, these are split into further sub-groups. Finally, all individual components with all their characteristics are investigated and analyzed in this manner.